La inviolabilidad de archivos nos conduce a una alternativa sin salida?

Karen Kaiser

Resumen


A diferencia de la novela de Joseph Heller ‘Trampa 22’, la situación ilógica o paradójica que surge del privilegio de inviolabilidad de los archivos dentro de la cooperación de organizaciones internacionales con autoridades nacionales en el marco de la lucha contra el fraude y la corrupción es uno de los diferentes órdenes jurídicos que no necesariamente están alineados desde el principio. Las autoridades nacionales tienen que respetar la inviolabilidad de los archivos de organizaciones internacionales y no pueden ni interpretar el privilegio de manera restrictiva, sin tomar en cuenta al mismo tiempo su propósito, que es la operación ordenada e independiente de las organizaciones internacionales; y tampoco limitar el privilegio de alguna otra manera. Por lo tanto, queda en manos de las organizaciones internacionales en sí mismas el limitar el riesgo de una situación de Trampa 22, al cumplir con su deber de cooperar con autoridades nacionales. Sin embargo, la carga de la prueba no solo recae en las
organizaciones internacionales. Cualquier uso razonable del privilegio presupone que las autoridades nacionales reconocen su existencia y la abordan de manera respetuosa.


Palabras clave


Confidencialidad, lucha contra la corrupción, violaciones de derechos humanos, organizaciones internacionales.

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Referencias


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